Understanding Heat Insulation Materials

by | Apr 12, 2022 | Fire Protection

The 5 Most Popular Insulation Materials for Insulating Heat

Heat Insulation Materials Fire Prevention Fiberglass

You must know the various types of insulation material before deciding to choose one and install it on your home or other property assets. There will be many choices and offers when you want to shop for insulation materials, either online or by visiting the store in person. Fiberglass isn’t the only insulation material that many people use. There are other materials, and each has its advantages and disadvantages. Sufficient knowledge of insulation materials will enable you to make the most appropriate choice and suit your needs.

Thermal insulation has long been used as a way to stabilize room temperature without having to waste energy. Its main job is to block heat, so you no longer need to use a fan or air conditioner in the dry season. On the other hand, when the long winter comes, the heat stored in the insulation is released so that the room temperature is not affected by low temperatures from outside. The room temperature will remain stable, and you won’t have to worry about leaking drains or damaged household appliances due to humidity.

So, what are the five most popular insulation materials to block heat? Let’s look at the following description, complete with an explanation:

1. Mineral Wool

As an insulation material, you can get mineral wool in the form of batts or loose materials. This material is usually in collaboration with glass fiber or the form of rock wool because it is combined with Basalt. This insulation material has an R-value starting from R-2.8 to R-3.5. Although it can block heat, mineral wool is not suitable for insulation with the potential for extreme heat exposure. This material is not fire-resistant, so you will have to look for other insulation materials to get the benefits of insulation while preventing fires.

2. Cellulose

The most environmentally friendly insulation material while supporting maximum energy savings. Cellulose is made from recycled paper and used as much as 80 percent. This material is then mixed with boric acid or ammonium sulfate as much as 20 percent. It is a fire retardant, so cellulose can be relied on as a fire retardant coating.

The cellulose compound is so compact that this insulation material contains almost no oxygen. The R-value for this material is quite high, namely R-3.1 to R-3.7. That is, this material can be relied on to inhibit heat to the maximum. Even so, the installation of thermal insulation using cellulose must use professional personnel. They have special tools and certain techniques so that the installation of cellulose as thermal insulation can be effective and neat.

3. Polyurethane Foam

The next insulation material is spray polyurethane foam. This material is formed from a mixture and the impact of certain chemical reactions to produce foam. The weight of this material is very light, at about two pounds per cubic foot. The installation is done with a special tool, in which officers spray foam using a hose. After the foam covers the walls and roof, this material will expand. The function will be felt quickly, namely thermal insulation and preventing moisture. The R-value for this insulation material is quite high, reaching R-6.3 per inch of thickness.

4. Polystyrene

You can find examples of the use of this one insulation material in commercial housing. The foam is made into blocks that can be installed practically. Polystyrene is a waterproof foam that can be relied on to reduce sound and temperature. This material is divided into two types, namely expanded foam and extruded foam, also known as styrofoam. When using Polystyrene, you will get a smooth and light surface. The R-value for this material starts from R-4 to R-5.5.

5. Fiberglass

The next most popular material for insulating heat is fiberglass. Although its R-value is not as superior as that of cellulose or spray foam, fiberglass has advantages that make it a popular choice. R values ​​for fiberglass range from R-2.9 to R-3.8 per inch. Even so, many people choose this material because of its lower price. On the other hand, fiberglass installation is also very practical; you can install it yourself without the need for professional help.

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Fiberglass is a reading fiber that can be shaped flexibly. It can be a woven fabric or a printed sheet and is very dynamic for blending with other resins. This material is very strong and durable. If properly installed, the service life of fiberglass for heat insulation can reach more than ten years. You also have to make sure the fiberglass product you use is produced by a credible supplier.

As a recommendation, you can cooperate with Bright Sky New Material Co Ltd. or Silicapro. Our company provides various types of fiberglass products with high quality and guaranteed, so you can get optimal business benefits. Please contact us for more information about the best insulation materials.